WHAT IS BIOMASS?
Biomass is biological material from living, or recently living organisms, most often referring to plants or plant-derived materials. As a renewable energy source, biomass can either be used directly, or indirectly—once or converted into another type of energy product such as biofuel. Biomass can be converted to energy in three ways: thermal conversion, chemical conversion, and biochemical conversion.
Historically, humans have harnessed biomass-derived energy products since the time when people began burning wood to make fire. In more modern times, the term can be referred to in two meanings. In the first sense, biomass is plant matter used either to generate electricity (via steam turbines or gasifiers), or to produce heat (via direct combustion).
Biomass-derived energy also holds the promise of reducing carbon dioxide emissions, a significant contributor to global warming, as carbon dioxide acts as a “greenhouse” gas by trapping heat absorbed by the earth from the sun. Although the burning of biomass releases as much carbon dioxide as the burning of fossil fuels, biomass burning does not release “new carbon” into the atmosphere, which the burning of fossil fuels does. This is because carbon dioxide released from fossil fuels was carbon that was fixated via photosynthesis millions of years ago that had been locked in the hydrocarbons of fossil fuels.
The estimated biomass production in the world is 146 billion tons a year, consisting of mostly wild plant growth. Wood remains the largest biomass energy source today; examples include managed forest, forest residues (such as dead trees, branches and tree stumps), yard clippings, wood chips and even municipal solid waste.
In an age where the global supply of fossil fuels is decreasing rapidly, it makes total sense to use locally grown and produced wood fuel.
Wood is a versatile fuel and can be burned in many different forms and in a number of different appliances. It can be burned to heat one or more rooms, the whole house or to produce hot water and to cook on.
CHOOSING A WOOD FUEL SYSTEM
We can help you decide on the most appropriate wood fuel heating system from wood chip, wood pellet and log systems for you, its location and most importantly your heating requirements.
BIOMASS SYSTEMS FAQ’S
We can answer your renewable energy engineering questions.
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